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Department of endogenous mental disorders and affective states
Alexander Sergeevich Tiganov is the head of the division of endogenous mental disorders and affective states. The Director of the Center, the Academician of RAS, Professor , Honored Scientist of Russia, one of the leading Russian scientists , widely known at homeland and abroad for his works in the field of psychiatry, psychopathology, psychopharmacology and postgraduate medical education. He is a member of the Bureau of the Department of clinical medicine RAS, a chairman of the Scientific council on mental health problems RAS, a member of the Presidium of the Russian Society of Psychiatrists, head of the psychiatry chair of the Russian medical academy of postgraduate education and he is a chief of the department for the study of endogenous mental disorders and affective states FGBU "MHRC" RAS. A.S. Tiganov is a chief psychiatrist of The Medical Center under the President of the Russian Federation. A.S.Tiganov - editor and organizer of the journal "Psychiatry ", a member of the editorial board of several other psychiatric journals . He edited two editions of "Handbook of Psychiatry " ( 2nd ed . , 1999, 3 - ed. 2012), which summarizes all of the latest achievements in the field of taxonomy, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment mental illness. He is the author of over 250 scientific works, 2 monographs, also he is the scientific director of 30 successfully defended master's and 8 doctoral theses. For the achieved success and a great contribution in the development of national mental health A.S.Tiganov awarded with the Medal of Honor. Academician A.S.Tiganov differs uncommon and multi-faceted public education, diversified interests and hobbies, going far beyond just professional, an outstanding general knowledge, intelligence, integrity and democratic style of leadership entrusted to him the staff and communicate with others , a great personal charm.
The Department has been formed on the basis of the clinical unit of schizophrenia of the Institute of Psychiatry of AMS USSR, that had been formerly headed by Prof. R.A.Nadzharov, Prof. T.F. Papadoupoulos, Prof. A.K. Anufriev, Prof. I.V. Shakhmatova-Pavlova. This unit continued to study the different clinical types of the natural course of schizophrenia. Large genealogical patient samples were collected, that allowed to determine characteristic feature of the hereditary predisposition in various forms of this disease; along with this clinical and biological programs were further developed. These works continued studies on psychopathology and the clinical picture of schizophrenia, started under the leadership for Prof. A.V. Snezhnevsky at the Chair of Psychiatry of the Central Institute for Medical Postgraduate Training (CIMPT). In 1982, the clinical unit of schizophrenia within the Centre was transformed into the Department of endogenous psychoses of middle age and in 1998 - into the Department on endogenous mental disorders and affective states. The Department is based in 2 clinical units of the in-patient part of the MHRC RAMS, in a number of units in the mental hospital #15 and a number of out-patient psychiatric centres. The Department is in close collaboration with scientific laboratories of the Centre, namely, with the laboratories of clinical biochemistry, immunology, neurophysiology, psychology and genetics.
The Department is staffed with 22 persons: 19 research fellows, as well as psychiatrists and clinical psychologists.
Scope of research activities of the Department:
1. Comparative nosological studies of psychopathology and clinical patterns of development of affective and delusional disorders in endogenous disorders, with an evaluation of their prognosis.
2. Determination of the characteristic features of psychopathology, clinical picture and systematization of attack-like endogenous psychoses - schizophrenia, schizoaffective and affective psychoses, in their age-related aspect (those of the middle age and of the youth).
3. Identification of characteristic features of the pathogenesis of attack-like schizophrenia, schizoaffective and affective psychoses, based on genetic, clinical, biological and pathopsychological evaluation, with the aim of a nosological differentiation of endogenous psychoses.
4. A study of the clinical and pathogenetical basis for the clinical evaluation of an independent specific type of endogenous psychoses in the form of protracted attacks of puberty and the youth, and determination of age-related specificity of their psychopathological pictures, course and outcome.
5. Assessment of the role of endogenous, including genetic, and environmental factors (exogenous, somatogenic, seasonal) in the formation of endogenous psychoses and circular affective states.
6. Elaboration of a scientific basis for new approaches to the treatment of patients with endogenous psychoses, based on psychopharmacotherapy in combination with psychotherapy and psychocorrectional and social rehabilitation measures.